Zahara De La Sierra, Medieval Town
Archaeological sites of the Sierra de Cádiz and Málaga
From Tambor del Llano you have the opportunity to discover the wonderful Archaeological Heritage that surrounds us and that emerges in this natural environment.We propose the archaeological route that will bring you closer to the history of this territory, from the Neolithic to the Middle Ages: Iberians, Romans and Muslims in the Sierra Gaditana
Alcalá del Valle. Megalithic construction from the Bronze Age located in the Dehesa del Tornillo - six kilometers from the town of Alcalá del Valle. There were also Iberian and Roman settlements.
Alberite dolmen, dated in the V millennium BC. It is one of the oldest megalithic structures in the Iberian Peninsula. Located four kilometers south of Villamartín
Site of the Sierra de Aznar in Algar, it presents archaeological remains from prehistoric times, highlighting the Roman stage. We can see a defensive bastion located at the top of the Cerro del Moro. A necropolis, walls and remains of a fortress and ashlar structures.
- Roman City of Acinipo. Located about 20 minutes from Tambor del Llano towards Ronda. Acinipo was built on an old "oppidum" or Iberian fortified city. Its theater stands out, one of the best preserved in Roman Hispania. Some elements of the city are visible, such as a domus and some hot springs. From the pre-Roman stages of the city, some huts from the Iron Age are preserved. The impressive location of Acinipo, almost 1000 m. altitude make it a landmark of great importance, from which landscapes of the provinces of Malaga, Cádiz and Seville are contemplated. From the top of the theater stands you can see the town of Grazalema and the entire mountain range that surrounds it.
- Carissa Aurelia site. Nestled in an area of small hills that are part of the foothills of the Sierra de Gamaza and Sierra del Calvario (Espera). The area of Coto de Bornos also dominates to the east and to the west, the countryside of the Salado river valley. On the old Iberian settlement, the Romans developed an urban structure that preserves a road flanked by the remains of what were the gates of the city. You can see the remains of the wall and the necropolis with the columbariums associated with different cremation rites.
- Roman village of Iptuci. Located on the Cabeza de Hortales hill in Prado del Rey with the remains of large buildings and defensive walls. In this site, a Latin inscription was found that is currently preserved in the Prado del Rey church, and a bronze plate that commemorates a hospitality agreement between Iptuci and Ucubi, in the waterfall of La Mora (Ubrique), from which dominates and controls the natural passage to Benaocaz and the Villaluenga sleeve.
- Roman city of Ocuri. Located in the upper area of the Salto de la Mora (Ubrique). Although its pre-Roman origins date back to the 6th century BC, the vast majority of archaeological remains correspond to the Roman era, whose peak was in the 2nd century AD. The walls, a sanctuary dedicated to the goddess Minerva, a metallurgical industrial zone, sculptures, columns and pieces of architectural decoration are preserved from this period. Other elements of the complex are: the columbarium, the cisterns, the walls, the tanks, the wells and the hot springs. Outside the city walls,, is the necropolis and the mausoleum. Ocuri corresponds to the high imperial era, in the "coventus iuridicus gaditanus", an administrative body belonging to the imperial province of "Betica".
- Roman road from Ubrique to Benaocaz. Roman road that linked the towns of Ocuri and Lacildula, a Hispano-Roman city of Betica located in the Cortijo de Clavijo, in Montecorto, province of Malaga. The old road, which was an obligatory passage for the Roman troops crossing the Sierra. To enjoy it, we suggest the 3,200-meter section that connects Ubrique and Benaocaz. This road ends in a Nasrid neighborhood at the entrance to Benaocaz, which still preserves the urban fabric of the narrow cobbled streets, the defensive towers, walls with loopholes, a bridge and fortified houses, being one of the few visible examples of urban construction of character. defensive for being on the border with the Christian kingdoms.
- Zahara De La Sierra, Medieval Town. The Roman Road continues from Benaocaz to Zahara de la Sierra, located on a limestone elevation at the foot of the Sierra del Jaral. In it there is a majestic keep on a watchtower that presides over the whole complex. At its back we can see the old town, from which we can see its entrance arch, houses carved out of the rock, the remains of the old Church of Santa María de la Mesa. You can also see interesting Iberian remains, Roman cisterns, parts of walls of Roman and Islamic origin, and a curious system for collecting and channeling water.